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Proxmox auf einem Hetzner Server installieren

Debian 11 (Bulleseye) auf den Hetzner Server installieren

Installation Anleitung

Debian Server zuerst updaten

				
					apt-get update && apt-get upgrade -y
				
			

Hosts Datei öffnen

				
					nano /etc/hosts
				
			

Host setzen

				
					hostnamectl set-hostname <deinedomain>.de --static</deinedomain>
				
			

Hostname testen

				
					hostname --ip-address
				
			

Proxmox installieren

Liste erstellen

				
					nano /etc/apt/sources.list.d/pve-install-repo.list
				
			

Installationspfad einfügen

				
					deb http://download.proxmox.com/debian/pve bullseye pve-no-subscription

				
			

Schlüssel installlieren

				
					wget http://download.proxmox.com/debian/proxmox-release-bullseye.gpg

				
			

Schlüssel verschieben

				
					sudo mv proxmox-release-bullseye.gpg /etc/apt/trusted.gpg.d/proxmox-release-bullseye.gpg
				
			

Rechte vergeben

				
					chmode +r /etc/apt/trusted.gpg.d/proxmox-release-bullseye.gpg
				
			

Updaten

				
					apt update
				
			

Full Updaten

				
					apt full-upgrade
				
			

Ceph Pacific Repository

				
					echo &quot;deb http://download.proxmox.com/debian/ceph-pacific bullseye main&quot; | sudo tee /etc/apt/sources.list.d/ceph.list
				
			

Proxmox installlieren

				
					apt update
				
			
				
					apt install proxmox-ve
				
			

Port Checken

				
					ss -tunelp | grep 8006
				
			

Root Passwort setzen

				
					sudo passwd root
				
			

Netzwerkeinstellungen öffnen

				
					nano /etc/network/interfaces
				
			
				
					# network interface settings; autogenerated
# Please do NOT modify this file directly, unless you know what
# you're doing.
#
# If you want to manage parts of the network configuration manually,
# please utilize the 'source' or 'source-directory' directives to do
# so.
# PVE will preserve these directives, but will NOT read its network
# configuration from sourced files, so do not attempt to move any of
# the PVE managed interfaces into external files!

source /etc/network/interfaces.d/*

auto lo
iface lo inet loopback

iface lo inet6 loopback

auto enp9s0
iface enp9s0 inet static
        address 65.109.113.231/26
        gateway 65.109.113.193
        post-up sysctl -w net.ipv4.ip_forward=1
        post-up iptables -t nat -A PREROUTING -i enp9s0 -p tcp -m multiport ! --dport 22,8006 -j DNAT --to 10.10.10.1
        post-up iptables -t nat -A PREROUTING -i enp9s0 -p udp -j DNAT --to 10.10.10.1
        # up route add -net 65.109.113.192 netmask 255.255.255.192 gw 65.109.113.193 dev enp9s0
# route 65.109.113.192/26 via 65.109.113.193

iface enp9s0 inet6 static
        address 2a01:4f9:3051:4005::2/64
        gateway fe80::1

auto vmbr0
iface vmbr0 inet static
        address 10.10.10.0/31
        bridge-ports none
        bridge-stp off
        bridge-fd 0
        post-up ipdatbles -t nat -A POSTROUTING -s '10.10.10.1/31' -o enp9s0 -j MASQUERADE
        post-down ipdatbles -t nat -D POSTROUTING -s '10.10.10.1/31' -o enp9s0 -j MASQUERADE
#WAN OPNSense - Proxmox LAN

				
			

openSense installieren

Zuerst Open Sense herunterladen. https://opnsense.org/download/ ISO Hochladen und installieren.

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